Print ISSN: 0031-0247
Online ISSN: 2274-0333
Hypoplasia: CT-scan or naked eye?
Eocene otoliths (Clinchfield Formation), Georgia
New elephant cranium from early Pliocene Ileret, Kenya
Evolution et extinction des reptiles marins au Mésozoïque
Early adaptive radiation of Theridomorpha
Origins of avian reproduction: answers and questionsfrom dinosaurs.Avian reproduction; clutch; dinosaurs; egg size; nests; oviducts; parental care
Cite this article: Varricchio D. J., Jackson F. D., 2003. Origins of avian reproduction: answers and questionsfrom dinosaurs. Palaeovertebrata 32 (2-4): 149-169.
The reproductive biology of living birds differs dramatically from that of other extant vertebrates. Distinctive features common to most birds include a single ovary and oviduct, production of one egg at daily or greater intervals, incubation by brooding and extensive parental care. The prevalence of male parental care is most exceptional among living amniotes. A variety of hypotheses exist to explain the origin of avian reproduction. Central to these models are proposed transitions from a condition of no care to maternal, paternal or biparental care systems. These evolutionary models incorporate a number of features potentially preservable or inferable from the fossil record (integument, skeletal adaptations for flight, egg and clutch size, nest form, hatchling developmental stage, the number and function of oviducts, and the mode of egg incubation). Increasing availability of data on dinosaur reproduction provides a means of assessing these hypotheses with fossil evidence. We compare dinosaur data to a selection of models that emphasize maternal, paternal or biparental care. Despite some congruence with dinosaur features, no single model on the evolution of avian reproduction conforms fully to the fossil record, and the ancestral parental care system of birds remains ambiguous. Further investigation into dinosaur parental care, nest structures, clutch geometry, egg-pairing, eggshell porosity, and embryo identification may eventually resolve these issues.
Published in Vol. 32, Fasc. 2-4 (2003)