Print ISSN: 0031-0247
Online ISSN: 2274-0333
Werneburg et al. New Permian Caseid from France
Hypoplasia: CT-scan or naked eye?
Eocene otoliths (Clinchfield Formation), Georgia
Small sauropod tracks, Southern France
New elephant cranium from early Pliocene Ileret, Kenya
The endocranial cast and encephalization quotient of Ptilodus (Multituberculata, Mammalia)encephaIization quotient; endocranial cast; Montana; Multituberculata; olfactory bulbs; Paleocene; Ptilodus
Cite this article: Krause D. W., Kielan-Jaworowska Z., 1993. The endocranial cast and encephalization quotient of Ptilodus (Multituberculata, Mammalia). Palaeovertebrata 22 (2-3): 99-112.
Simpson (1937a) reconstructed the brain of the Paleocene multituberculate Ptilodus as having the olfactory bulbs widest anteriorly, an unusual condition among mammals. Slight preparation and reexamination of the endocast specimens of Ptilodus reveals that the olfactory bulbs in fact taper anteriorly, as in the recently-described endocranial casts of three multituberculate species from the Late Cretaceous of Asia, and as in those of other mammals. The brain of Ptilodus was therefore essentially of the same general pattem as in other multituberculates. Ptilodus differs, however, in having the vermis more deeply inserted between the cerebral hemispheres. Other details concerning the endocast morphology of Ptilodus are clarified.
Published in Vol. 22, Fasc. 2-3 (1993)