Print ISSN: 0031-0247
Online ISSN: 2274-0333
New elephant cranium from early Pliocene Ileret, Kenya
A pangolin from the French Quercy phosphorites
Abstract book of the 18th Conference of the EAVP
FOSSIL SELACHIANS FROM THE BANDAH FORMATION
A new stem hystricognathous rodent from the Eocene of Tunisia
The endocranial cast and encephalization quotient of Ptilodus (Multituberculata, Mammalia)encephaIization quotient; endocranial cast; Montana; Multituberculata; olfactory bulbs; Paleocene; Ptilodus
Cite this article: Krause D. W., Kielan-Jaworowska Z., 1993. The endocranial cast and encephalization quotient of Ptilodus (Multituberculata, Mammalia). Palaeovertebrata 22 (2-3): 99-112.
Simpson (1937a) reconstructed the brain of the Paleocene multituberculate Ptilodus as having the olfactory bulbs widest anteriorly, an unusual condition among mammals. Slight preparation and reexamination of the endocast specimens of Ptilodus reveals that the olfactory bulbs in fact taper anteriorly, as in the recently-described endocranial casts of three multituberculate species from the Late Cretaceous of Asia, and as in those of other mammals. The brain of Ptilodus was therefore essentially of the same general pattem as in other multituberculates. Ptilodus differs, however, in having the vermis more deeply inserted between the cerebral hemispheres. Other details concerning the endocast morphology of Ptilodus are clarified.
Published in Vol. 22, Fasc. 2-3 (1993)